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Cargo carriage types

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Regardless the type of activity, cargo delivery service has become indispensable. With the development of technology and the advent of new vehicles there are similar types of cargo carriage at the same time.

Cargo carriage are classify according to the different criteria, but the most popular depends on delivery method or type of vehicle.

  • truck haulage;
  • air carriage;
  • rail transportation;
  • sea and river transportation;
  • pipeline transport.

All of these types of transport perform certain functions, and carriage cargo according with its technical and operational capabilities. Special, or it is called "interspecies" standard - is a container for transportation, which adapted for use at all types of transport.

Transport, which carries 79% cargo – is a leader, second place – is a railway transport with 10,6% and the third place – is pipeline with 8%.

Logistics companies most actively use truck haulage. It has a high speed and maneuverability of movement between the cities. Trucks can carry oversized cargo, valuable and perishable goods. Affordable price for equipment or high handling capacity effects on vehicle’s popularity. Thanks to this, it is easier to find cargo for carriage on such transport.

Air transport - the fastest, but also the most expensive. It is indispensable when it’s hard to reach places like the mountains or the North, where other vehicles can not go. The length of the route of the vehicle is not limited, but due to the high price, it is less than 1% on such cargo. Limited capacity and cargo capacity negatively influences on frequency of use.

Rail transport is used to transport large cargo flows. The main factors that affect the popularity of this type of transport - is low cost and the ability to transport large volumes over the long distances. Containers, 2-3 high platforms, jointed wagons and consist of special purpose are greatly facilitate overload. Consist of special purpose are used for transportation of goods, it can significantly reduce the time and money on postage, as wagons going directly to your destination.

Water transport is used for large cargo transportation when other kinds of transport is simply not cope. Water transport divides:

  • Sea transport, which is used for external or export-import. Compared with the air carriage, sea carriage - much cheaper, so it’s beyond comparison.
  • Internal or river transport used for carriage of different size cargo over the long and short distances. Recently, such a transport carriage used exclusive for building materials and coal.

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Nevertheless, water transport has some drawbacks: slow speed and limited capacity. To deliver cargo in ports, people must use rail transportation and that is the problem.

Pipeline transport – works twenty-four hours a day without break. It is used to pump crude oil, liquid petroleum, natural gas and liquid chemicals. The main disadvantage of the pipeline transport - it is used only for transportation of liquid or gaseous state products.

Transportation classification

Depending on the delivery point location, there are the following types of transportation:

  • Local;
  • Interregional;
  • International.

Depending on the weight and volume of cargo there are some types of cargo:

  • Small - volume takes no more than 1/3 of the wagon, and the mass - no more than 5 tons;
  • Low-tonnage - cargo volume takes no more than half the wagon, and the weight does not exceed 20 tons;
  • Full load – a whole wagon use for transportation;
  • Route cargo transportation is carried out when the weight and volume of cargo comply with the standards;
  • Group - the mass and volume of cargo exceeds one wagon, but it is less than the route cargo transportation.

Depending on the method of delivery, cargo divide on:

  • Local –performed by one carrier;
  • Interline freight- implemented by several organizations-carriers;
  • Mixed freight - carried out with the help of several types of transport.

Automobile cargo transportation divide into centralized and decentralized. In the central carriage, cargo transportation companies are organizers and carriers. In decentralized carriage - cargo consignees arrange the transport on their own. Let us remind, that is an intermediate platform, which connects the customer who islooking for trucks for transportation, with the carrier, which has the available trucks and want to cooperate.